玻璃钢电力排管:英语求助

来源:百度文库 编辑:杭州交通信息网 时间:2020/11/24 11:31:47
1.药箱是medicine box还是medical box?
能否详细的解答medicine 和medical 用法的区别?
2.Not only,but also 反问句怎么做?
3.below和under 用法的区别?over 和above 用法的区别?

1.药箱应该是 Medicine kit
medicine作不可数名词是“医学,医术,内科学”。虽然可作可数名词“药”,但通常指口服的药,不加-s。

测试要点:

(1)给某人一些药give sb some medicine

(2)吃药/服药take/have some medicine

(3)学医study medicine

(4)medicine的形容词为medical“医学的,医术的,医疗上的,医疗界的”。
如:a medical college医学院,free medical service

2.“not only … but also …”是一个并列连词词组,其意思基本等于“both … and …”,但侧重点放在“but also”上,另外该词组使用时须遵守一定的规则,如要求对称,倒装及主谓一致等。
1). not only … but also 应连接两个相对称的并列成分。例如:

Not only Mr Lin but also his son joined the Party two years ago. (连接两个主语)

I not only play tennis but also practise shooting. (连接两个谓语动词)

He plays not only the piano but also the violin. (连接两个宾语)

They speak English not only in class but also in the dormitory. (连接两个地点状语)

注 1 : She not only sings well but also dances beautifully. = She doesn't only sing well but also dances beautifully.

注 2 :句子 He not only plays the piano but also the violin 不是好的文体,因为 but also 之后的成分与 not only 之后的成分不对称。

2). not only … but also 连接两个分句,并且 not only 位于句首时,第一个分句中的主语和谓语要部分倒装。例如:

Not only does the sun give us light but also it gives us heat.

Not only did he speak English correctly, but also he speaks it fluently.

Not only is this young man clever but also he is hardworking.

3). not only … but also 不能用在否定句中。例如:

误: They don't fear not only hardship but also death.

正: They fear neither hardship nor death.

正: They don't fear either hardship or death.

4). not only … but also 连接两个主语时,谓语动词要和与其最近的主语保持人称和数的一致。例如:

Not only the students but also the teacher was against the plan. / Not only the teacher but also the students were against the plan.

5). not only … but also 中的 not only 不能分开使用,但 but also 却可以分开使用。例如:

The area was not only hit by an unexpected heavy rain, but some bridges were also washed away.

6). not only … but also 连接两个并列成分时,可以省略 but 或 also ,也可以把 but also 都省略掉。例如:

I not only heard it but ( also ) saw it.

He was not only compelled to stay at home, ( but ) also forbidden to see his friend.

She not only finished the task ahead of time, ( but also ) she came to help us.

7). 也可用 but … too / as well 替代 not only … but also 中的 but also .例如:

She not only sang well but danced gracefully too ( or as well )

8). 也可以用 besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition 等替代 not only … but also 中的 but also .例如:

Not only was there no food, but also (或 furthermore, besides, moreover, in addition ) there was no water.

9). 也可用 merely, just, simply 等替代 not only … but also 中的 only .例如:

They not merely ( or just, simply ) broke into his office and stole his books but also tore up his manuscripts.

10). not only A but also B = B as well as A, 但前者的强调重点在 B ;后者的强调重点也在 B .(汉译时,要先译 as well as 后面的词)例如:

The child is not only healthy but also lively. ( = The child is lively as well as healthy. )这孩子既健康又活泼。

It concerns not only me but also you. ( = It concerns you as well as me. )

这件事不但与我有关,而且也与你有关。

3.below

表示在……下面的意思时,指处于比某物低的位置,不一定在某物的正下方。它的反义词是above。例如:

Write your name below the line.在线下写上你的名字。

We are below the moon.我们在月下。

under

表示在……下面的意思时,有时可与below通用,但它指处于某物的正下方,其反义词是over。例如:

He stood under a tree. 他站在树下。

The cat was under the table.猫在桌子下面。

above的意思是“在……之上”,“高于……”,表示相对高度,不一定是在正上方,它的反义词是below。

The plane flew above the clouds.飞机在云层上面飞行。

over的意思是“在……之上”,表示在垂直之上,其反义词是under。

There is a bridge over the river. 河上有座桥。

There is a boat under the bridge. 桥下有一只船。

药箱medical kit
medicine是名词指医学,医术,例如practise madicine行医.或是指药,例如 a medicine for colds 感冒药
medical形容词指医学的;医术的;医疗的,例如a medical colleg医学院,medical instruments医疗器械 或者是指内科的;医药的 例如 a medical ward 内科病房

medical box是药箱.

below和under 用法的区别?over 和above 用法的区别?

below和above都是指什么东西的上面和下面,

而under和over的意思更多,.比如over的超过啊,额外啊

under在什么领导下啊之内的